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23/11/2021

联合国气候变化框架公约第26次会议:各国将水电作为化石燃料的替代品

马尔科姆·特恩布尔(Malcolm Turnbull)和埃迪·里奇(Eddie Rich)率领的IHA代表团在全球峰会上阐述了可持续水电的必要性

By the conclusion of the United Nations COP26 climate conference, 承诺实现净零排放目标的国家已达到140个, covering four-fifths of the world.

Achieving net zero by “around mid-century”, as is called for by the Glasgow Climate Pact, 是由可再生能源(如水电)生产的清洁能源的扩张所支撑的, wind and solar power.

The pact recognises that “limiting global warming to 1.5°C要求迅速、深入和持续地减少全球温室气体排放。”. It also calls for a “phasedown” of unabated coal, 以及对最贫穷和最脆弱国家的财政支持.  

IHA delegation at COP26

澳大利亚前总理马尔科姆·特恩布尔(Malcolm Turnbull)和esball国际平台客户端(IHA)首席执行官埃迪·里奇(Eddie Rich)率领的代表团代表esball国际平台客户端(IHA)成员出席了第26届联合国气候变化大会.  

During the global summit, 多个国家的政府明确表示,对新水力发电能力的投资是其可再生能源和脱碳计划的核心内容.  

The ‘locomotive of carbon-free policy’

China and the USA, the world’s two biggest CO2 emitters, 哪些是之前宣布的水电投资计划. 许多其他国家也概述了他们对水电作为清洁发电和储存技术的重视.

“Renewable energy sources, especially hydropower, will be the locomotive of carbon-free policy,” explained Kyrgyz President Sadyr Japarov, who said his country intends to be carbon-free by 2050, by moving away from coal to hydropower.  

“我们启动了中小水电项目,以消除碳能源的使用, primarily coal and fuel oil, and to fully convert it into electricity, without harming the environment,” he said.

Múte Bourup Egede, Prime Minister of Greenland, 他说,他希望提高国内的发电量,成为清洁能源的主要出口国. “在未来的5-6年,我们的目标是90%的能源将来自水电,” he said.

“We have one of the world’s largest deposits of oil and gas, 但我们已经停止了(勘探),因为我们有大量的水可以用于绿色能源. 我希望负责任的大国也愿意这样投资.”

Towards net zero

在COP26上,许多esball国际app中国家指出,由于水电的贡献,它们在减少净零的道路上走得更远. Costa Rica, which co-hosted the World Hydropower Congress in September, produces more than two-thirds of its electricity from hydropower.

Addressing the opening of COP26, 哥斯达黎加总统卡洛斯·阿尔瓦拉多·奎萨达(Carlos Alvarado Quesada)表示:“我们已经进行了投资,以确保我们的电力连续7年99%来自可再生能源.”

“但我们就像暴风雨中飞翔的小蜂鸟. We are trying to do our part, but we need the big emitters to contribute with their share, to take bold actions, 加强国家自主贡献,将承诺转化为实际行动.”

Meanwhile, Bhutan’s Minister of Agriculture and Forests, Yeshey Penjor, 反映,主要归功于水电“今天我们不仅是碳中和, 我们是负碳国家,而且已经实现了《esball国际app》的目标.”

‘The next decade is the decisive decade’

Despite the commitments given in Glasgow, 然而,许多贫穷国家和esball国际app中国家对气候协议没有更进一步表示失望. 代表们警告说,如果不进一步脱碳,将全球变暖的目标限制在1.5 degrees remains at peril.

“The next decade is the decisive decade,” said Malik Amin Aslam, Pakistan’s climate envoy, in a BBC interview. “We are at 1.1 degrees already and look at what is happening around the world. 想象一下,把这个翻倍,这就是这些数字加起来的结果.”

In response, 阿斯拉姆表示,巴基斯坦正在寻求水力发电来帮助该国减少排放. “Hydro for us is a real option,” he stressed. “我们有大量的水流经这个国家,我们需要利用它, making sure we can generate energy out of this.”

厅内厅代表团在一些附带活动中发言,并会见了主要组织, 政府代表和多边机构向各国说明支持可持续水电的理由.

Mr Rich warned that, without hydropower, 各国可能没有足够的灵活性和清洁存储来支持不断增长的可再生能源变量. “This is the crisis within the crisis. Where’s the back-up? What happens when the wind doesn’t blow and the sun doesn’t shine, as well as when there’s too much excess energy from those sources. We need to wake the policymakers up to this ignored crisis.”

Declaration on Sustainable Hydropower

Along with the Government of Costa Rica, IHA presented the San José Declaration on Sustainable Hydropower今年9月召开的世界水电大会达成了一项历史性协议.

该宣言提出了一套新的基本原则和建议,以塑造该行业对全球气候目标的贡献. In addition, 它鼓励开发商和运营商通过新建立的认证 Hydropower Sustainability Standard.

On receiving the San José Declaration, 联合国气候变化框架公约第26次缔约方会议主席阿洛克·夏尔马说:“这一宣言是增加全球水电部署的重要第一步, with solid principles to guide the developments of projects, 以及在与企业协商后为政府和政策制定者提出的合理建议, financial institutions and civil society.  

“这证明了我们需要采取合作方式,使清洁能源转型成为现实,” he added.

During the course of the COP26 conference, major global companies, including some IHA members, 他还承诺支持组织24小时使用可再生能源的全球运动, seven days a week.

"EDP is thrilled to join the Global Compact for 24/7 Carbon-Free Energy. 我们很自豪能够走在新技术esball国际app的前沿,以加速电力系统的脱碳和促进清洁能源的全球化," said EDP Chief Executive Officer Miguel Stilwell Andrade.

了解更多esball国际app可持续水电在实现净零方面的作用: olderwiseraod.net/net-zero  

Pictured: IHA’s Delegation at COP26

Read more IHA reports from COP26:

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